This article will show you how to setup and install your new XMG1930 switch [in stand-alone mode, for Nebula click here] through the setup wizard that pop up when you first login to the switch. This guide will show how to run through this wizard to configure Basic (IP address, admin password, SNMP, Link Aggregation (LAG)), Protection (Loop Guard, Broadcast Storm Control), VLAN and QoS (Quality of Service).
Let's begin by login to the switch using your web browser to enter https://192.168.1.1 and then entering your credentials: username: admin and the default password: 1234
If you cannot login to the switch, please look at this article.
Now you have reached the Setup Wizard.
Table of Content
1.1 Setup IP
First we need to configure the IP address of the switch, so either we can use the static IP address assignment (where you decide what IP that the switch will receive) but make sure that it's not using an IP address that already exist in your network. Or you choose the DHCP Client, which is recommended and best practice in most network environments. This makes your router (or DHCP server) to give an IP automatically to your switch.
1.2 Administrator Password and SNMP
Disclaimer! Whether active or not, default Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) community strings must be changed to maintain security. If the service is running with the default authenticators, anyone can gather data about the system and the network and use the information to potentially compromise the integrity of the system or network(s). It is highly recommended that SNMP version 3
Here you can disable the SNMP if you're unsure if it's going to be used or not and change the Community parameters to "private" instead of "public" (if you leave it enabled with public it's ok, however, please note the disclaimer above) and it's also highly recommended to change your password to a strong password (at least a password length of 12 and with: 1 upper- and lower case character, 1 number, 1 special sign).
1.3 Link Aggregation
Link Aggregation (LAG) is taking two ports and combining /grouping these into one to get higher capacity (speed or reliability) on the link. This is either done by Static or LACP (Link Aggregation Control Protocol). Static LAG is used if you're configuring everything manually (if the ports are configured as static members of a trunk group), while LACP is used when ports are configured to join an already existing trunk group through LACP using the protocol to communicate.
If you want to learn more about Link Aggregation, click here.
1.3.3 Configure Link Aggregation
Use this window to group the ports into "Trunk Groups" (from T1 to T5), this means that there is a 5 LAG Groups possible in the switch. Select Port 19 and 20 in T1 and use Static if you're unsure of what you need to use. This will combine ports 19 and 20 into "one port" (you can use maximum 8 ports in one Trunk Group).
Click on the ports to mark them as "selected" and then you can move them with the right arrow to the T1. Use the drop-down list "T1" above the grey arrows to choose the other Trunk Groups (T2-5).
If you don't want to configure the Link Aggregation (LAG), please click "Next" and then click "Finish" on the next page:
2.1 Loop Guard
Loop Guard is a prevention system that will prevent any loops in the network by blocking the port(s) necessary to prevent this loop. This might create packet loss and other issues if there is a loop in the network, however, it will not flood the network.
Loop guard is used if you're having a complex network setup that might need this configuration. Otherwise, best practice is to leave Loop Guard off. In our experience, loop guard is mostly used when there is a network issue related to the switch, where loop guard can be enabled to help troubleshooting and prevent over-flooding in the network.
If you want to configure the Loop Guard, select the ports that you want to use loop guard on by marking them "Selected", and then click next.
2.2 Broadcast Storm Control
Broadcast Storm Control is used to prevent any flooding of the network by Broadcast messages sent by your devices in the network. Broadcast packets include - DHCP requests, "alive" messages, and other messages that keep devices in the network aware of the device sending the broadcast messages.
If you're experiencing high latency and packet loss in your network, this can be used to prevent any flooding of the switch by limiting the amount of packets that the switch will accept and forward. If there are too many packets at once, the switch will drop these broadcast packets and help getting these packets off the network.
If you want to configure the Broadcast Storm Control, select the ports that you want to use Storm Control on by marking them "Selected", select the amount of broadcast packets you want to limit per second (best practice here would be to turn it off, or use 150 broadcast packets per second in a small-medium sized network) and then click next.
3) Configure VLAN
Use this window below to assign the ports into "VLAN member ports" (5 VLAN member groups), this means that there is a 5 VLAN Groups possible in the Setup Wizard. If you don't want to use VLANs, please click "Next".
3.1 Select ports & Assign VLAN ID
Select the ports you want assign to the first VLAN member group and assign that member group with a VLAN ID. Click on the ports to mark them as "selected" and then you can move them with the right arrow to the VLAN "x" member group. Use the drop-down list "VLAN20" above the grey arrows to choose the other Trunk Groups (VLAN "x" 1-5).
3.2 VLAN Configuration Steps
3.2.1 Create up to 5 VLANs by entering VLAN ID (2-4094)
3.2.2 Select ports and specify VID for VLAN untagged member assignment
3.2.3 Select ports to be the Trunk tagged port member for all VLANs
Trunk ports means that the switch will forward ALL unknown and known VLANs.
Remember that you can have as many tagged memberships per port as you'd like, but only one untagged (default VLAN) per port.
If you want to learn more about VLANs, you can take a look at this article.
4) QoS (Quality of Service)
QoS is a common traffic prioritization technique centered around providing traffic to the classes being served on the network. The traffic per port in the QoS settings can be configured with high, medium and low priority. For business environments, ports for guests might want to have low priority for the traffic, where the business servers and other vital IT equipment might want high priority.
If you want to configure the QoS, select the ports that you want to use QoS on by marking them "Selected", click on the "High", "Medium" or "Low", and categorize the traffic prioritization.
Click "Finish" to finish the Setup Wizard.